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Nuclear Energy and CC targets

Recursos educativos

Women Nuclear Scientists

 

 

Marie Curie

Pioneer in the field of radioactivity, the first person to receive two Nobel prizes in different specialties (Physics and Chemistry) and the first woman to be a professor at the University of Paris.

 

 

 

Lise Meitner

Discoverer of nuclear fission, an achievement for which her laboratory partner, Otto Hahn, received the Nobel Prize. "Science makes people achieve truth and objectivity and teaches people to accept reality, with wonder and admiration".

 

 

Irène Joliot-Curie

She belonged to a lineage of scientists that included her parents Pierre and Marie Curie, and she shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the synthesis of new radioactive elements.

 

 

 

Elizaveta Karamichailova

One of the few pioneering women in nuclear physics at the beginning of the 20th century. She established the first practical particle courses in Bulgaria and was the first woman to obtain an academic degree in the country.

 

 

 

Elda Emma Anderson

Elda, from wanting to be a kindergarten teacher in her childhood to becoming dean of physics, chemistry and mathematics and working on the Manhattan Project and the Los Alamos Laboratory.

 

 

 

Ida Tacke-Noddack

The three-time Nobel Prize nominee who first mentioned the idea of ​​nuclear fission. She discovered the chemical element rhenium and for the first time detected "Masurium" which, when other scientists confirmed the claim, ended up being called "technetium".

 

 

 

María Goeppert-Mayer

Second woman to win the Nobel Prize in Physics (the first was Marie Curie) for her research in nuclear physics. However, she acheved her first recognized and paid job at the age of 54.

 

 

 

Wu Chien-Shiung

A radioactivity expert, she was known as the "First Lady of Physics". She contributed to the development of the process to separate metallic uranium into uranium-235 and uranium-238 isotopes by gas fusion.

 

 

 

He Zheui

A woman at the forefront of nuclear physics in China. Co-discoverer of the ternary and quaternary fission of uranium and many other achievements.

 

 

 

Marietta Blau

She identified traces of atomic particles that allowed distinguishing protons from alpha particles.

 

 

 

Harriet Brooks

First nuclear physicist of Canadian origin, known for her research on nuclear transmutations and radioactivity.

 

 

 

Jane Hamilton Hall

Physicist and supervisor of the construction and commissioning of the 'Clementine' nuclear reactor.

 

 

 

Katharine Way

Known for her contribution to Physics and the construction of the Chicago Pile-1

 

 

 

Marguerite-Catherine Perey

Discoverer of the chemical element francium, at the age of 30, a result comparable to her mentor, Marie Curie. She did not get a Nobel Prize, but she became the first female member of the Académie des Sciences, something that not even Marie Curie herself did.

 

 

 

Berta Karlik

Discoverer of astatine isotopes and its existence in nature as a product of natural decay processes.